australia or canada which is better for immigration

Canada vs. Australia Immigration: Comparing Opportunities for Pakistani Nationals

Choosing between Canada and Australia for immigration is a significant decision for Pakistani nationals seeking enhanced opportunities abroad. Both countries offer unique prospects and lifestyles, but understanding the differences can help in making an informed choice. Let’s find out Australia or Canada which is better for immigration.

Immigration Systems Overview AU vs CA

Canada’s immigration system is managed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and features the Express Entry system, which expedites the process for skilled workers. According to the IRCC, this system prioritizes candidates with strong English or French language skills, high levels of education, and skilled work experience. Australia’s Department of Home Affairs manages SkillSelect, which invites skilled workers to apply for visas based on their ability to meet Australia’s economic needs.

Visa Categories and Eligibility

For Canada, the Federal Skilled Worker Program is designed for skilled workers with foreign work experience who wish to immigrate to Canada permanently. Australia’s Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) is a points-tested stream for workers who are not sponsored by an employer or family member or nominated by a state or territory government.

Application Process and Requirements CA vs AU

The Canadian application process requires creating an Express Entry profile and being accepted into the pool of candidates. Applicants must provide language test results and have their education assessed by an approved agency. For Australia, potential immigrants must submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through SkillSelect and then be invited to apply for a visa.

Cost of living in Canada / Australia and initial Financial Requirements

The Canadian government lists processing fees for economic immigration at CAD 825 for an individual applicant, with additional fees for including family members. Australia’s visa application charge for a Skilled Independent visa is AUD 4,045 for the main applicant. Both countries also require proof of funds to ensure newcomers can support themselves upon arrival.

The cost of living in Canada and Australia can significantly vary between cities within each country, affecting the choice of destination. Lifestyle factors, including climate, cultural activities, and community, also play a crucial role.

Economic Outlook and Stability

Economically, Australia and Canada are considered stable with a good quality of life. The World Bank classifies both as high-income economies. However, economic trends can affect job availability in different sectors. For instance, the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) had a differing impact on these countries; Australia was less affected than Canada, due to its strong mining sector at the time, according to a report by the Reserve Bank of Australia.

Jobs Market and Employment Opportunities: Australia vs Canada

Canada’s job market is diverse, with sectors like technology, natural resources, and healthcare providing numerous opportunities, as reported by the Government of Canada’s Job Bank. In Australia, the Department of Education, Skills and Employment projects growth in sectors such as healthcare, professional services, and construction.

Education System and Family Growth: Canada vs Australia

Both countries offer world-class education. For example, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) ranks both Canadian and Australian educational systems above the OECD average, ensuring a competitive edge for children. 

Quality of Life in Canada Compared to Australia

According to the United Nations Human Development Reports, both Australia and Canada score highly in global quality of life indices. They offer comprehensive healthcare systems, a high standard of education, and a multicultural society which adds to the quality of life for immigrants.

Legal and Compliance Factors: AU vs CA

Understanding the legal framework of immigration is crucial. In Canada, for example, the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) and its regulations govern how immigrants are selected. Australia has its own Migration Act 1958, which, along with the Migration Regulations 1994, sets out the laws for entering Australia. Pakistani doctors must have their credentials assessed by the Australian Medical Council or the Medical Council of Canada before practicing, highlighting the importance of understanding professional compliance standards in both countries.

Pathway to Citizenship PR visa Australia vs Canada

After meeting the residency requirements, permanent residents in Canada can apply for citizenship, which includes passing a citizenship test and demonstrating language proficiency. In Australia, permanent residents must live in Australia for at least four years, including one year as a permanent resident, before applying for citizenship.

Pros and Cons of Both Countries

Canada’s pros include a welcoming attitude towards immigrants and a strong social welfare system, while cons can be harsh winters and high living costs in cities like Toronto and Vancouver. Australia’s pros include its climate and outdoor lifestyle, while cons include its remote location from many countries and the cost of living in major cities.

Understanding Regional Differences: Australia vs Canada

Both Canada’s and Australia’s immigration prospects are shaped significantly by regional demands, with provinces like Quebec in Canada offering programs tailored to its Francophone heritage, and states such as Victoria in Australia focusing on locally in-demand skills. The diversity of opportunities is as vast as the landscapes of these countries.

From Alberta’s oil-rich job market to Ontario’s bustling tech scene, and from Western Australia’s mining economy to New South Wales’ financial services sector. Prospective immigrants can utilize resources like Canada’s Job Bank and Australia’s Job Outlook to navigate regional job markets effectively, aligning their skills with the unique economic opportunities available across these expansive nations.

Moving and Other Costs Comparison

Immigrants are advised to research thoroughly the cost of logistics and moving to Australia and Canada, from shipping personal belongings to understanding tax implications. For instance, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) and the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) provide guidelines on tax responsibilities for new immigrants.

Community and Culture in Both Countries

Both countries offer various community organizations and cultural associations that help immigrants adjust. Cities like Toronto and Sydney have vibrant Pakistani communities, with cultural events such as the Chand Raat Eid Festival in Sydney, which mirrors celebrations back home.

Moreover, the Pakistani Canadian Association provides a support network in Canada, while the Australian Pakistani Association offers similar support in Australia.

Final Words

When it comes to choosing a country to immigrate to, both Canada and Australia have their pros and cons.


  • A lot of programs for skilled workers and family sponsorships. So getting in shouldn’t be too difficult.
  • Solid education with post-graduation opportunities.
  • Employment is gonna vary by where you live.
  • Free public education and healthcare.
  • They really focus on reunifying families.


  • Strong and easy-to-use immigration system. You get points!
  • The economy is really strong so there are many job opportunities.
  • Quality of life is fantastic with great weather and lively cities.
  • You won’t run into trouble meeting the requirements for immigration here.

The choice between the two depends on your personal preferences and situation. However, if you find yourself needing assistance in this process, then reach out to professional immigration consultants like Expert Opinion. Canada puts more emphasis on family reunification, but Australia has a simpler system and a great quality of life.

Related Posts

Talk to our Visa Experts